Culture

Museums in Egypt: Discover a history full of treasures, culture and art

July 13, 2021

What if we gave you a time machine to go back to the old days, live in ancient times, participate in its details, and see the most important kings and presidents? This legendary machine is not needed in Egypt because once you visit the most famous museums in Egypt, you will feel like you have been born in the past with all its details.

When anyone hears about Egypt’s museums, the first thing that comes to their mind is the Egyptian Museum, the source of Egyptian treasures, but Egypt has many more treasures than one museum can display. Egypt is famous for being home to antiquities and one of the most important tourist destinations for history and art lovers. All you need is an entry ticket, a phone with a good camera, and know some of the best places to explore artifacts in Egypt’s museums.

Types of Egyptian museums

Types of Egyptian museums

In addition to the Islamic Museums in Egypt that showcases Islamic art in Egypt and art museums in Egypt to display paintings and artists’ works. There are many types of Egyptian museums, the most important of which are the Pharaonic Museums of Egypt that show the life of the Pharaohs, their kings, their treasures, and the archaeological museums of Egypt where artifacts are collected and displayed beautifully for visitors.

Egyptian Museum- Cairo

Egyptian Museum- Cairo

No tour of Egypt is complete without a visit to this pink palace overlooking Cairo’s Tahrir Square. Since its establishment, the Egyptian Museum has been the first place in the world to show ancient Egyptian artifacts, as it includes over 150,000 artifacts dating back more than 5,000 years. It also includes huge statues, royal mummies, manuscripts, jewelry, and treasures of King Tutankhamun. The museum has a large library that includes books on archeology, history, civilizations, and religions in various languages. Paying it a visit is definitely one of the must-dos in Cairo!

Address: Tahrir Square – Cairo

Graeco-Roman Museum- Alexandria

Graeco-Roman Museum- Alexandria

It is considered one of the most famous museums in Alexandria. It is an archaeological museum that was built in 1892. It shows a large collection of antiquities dating back to the Ptolemies and Romans, and it consists of 22 various halls with artifacts of various types.

Alexandria also has several museums, such as the Library of Alexandria Museum and the Alexandria Underwater Museum.

Address: Al Mesallah Sharq, Al Attarin, Alexandria Governorate

 

Alexandria National Museum

Alexandria National Museum

This museum is regarded as one of the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria. The Alexandria National Museum houses some of the most important historical artifacts in the world with more than 1,800 artifacts that narrate the history of Alexandria through various eras, including the Greek era, the Roman era, the Coptic era, and the Islamic era. There are also mummies on display in the underground rooms.

Address: 110 El Horreya Road – Raml Station – Alexandria

 

The Nubia Museum- Aswan

The Nubia Museum- Aswan

When visiting Aswan, most tourists prefer to enjoy the sunset on the Nile or visit the Philae Temple, but you should also visit the Nubia Museum, which is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Aswan. The museum, which was established as part of the UNESCO international campaign, consists of more than 3,000 artifacts, including vessels, crowns, and gemstones that represent Nubian culture across history. Through it, visitors can learn about the Nubian customs and engineering processes for building the Aswan Dam. This museum is considered a modern one as it was opened in 1997.

Address: Qism Aswan, Aswan Governorate

 

Luxor Museum

Luxor Museum

Like the Egyptian Museum, the Luxor Museum is an important part of Egypt’s history, as this archaeological museum is one of the most fascinating museums in Egypt that you should visit when traveling to Luxor. It was opened for visitors in 1975 as one of  Egypt’s first modern museums. It is located close to the Temple of Karnak and overlooks the Nile. The museum consists of two floors and displays many of the rare artifacts discovered in Luxor, such as statues of kings and gods. The museum also includes many collections that cover various historical eras of Egyptian civilization. The museum also shows some of the possessions of King Tutankhamun that were found in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor in 1922.

Address: Nile Corniche Street – Luxor

 

Religious Museums in Egypt

Islamic Art Museum- Cairo

Islamic Art Museum- Cairo

This two-story museum is one of the largest Islamic art museums. It was designed in an Islamic architectural style and was opened in 1903 to show a large collection of Islamic antiques. It contains more than 100,000 pieces collected from different countries such as India, China, Iran, Arabia, and Egypt, making it a beacon of Islamic arts and civilization throughout the ages.

The museum has fantastic lighting and space is well used to give the visitor an organized show of antiques.

Address: St، El-Darb El-Ahmar, Cairo Governorate 

Coptic Museum

Coptic Museum

It is considered one of the most famous museums in Cairo. This museum focuses on the art and artifacts of Egypt’s Coptic civilization, as it includes more than 16 thousand artifacts dating back to the Roman and Byzantine eras. Among these artifacts are fabrics and textiles dating back to the sixth century, as well as multiple pieces of glass and wood. This museum is surrounded by gardens and six ancient Coptic churches.

Address: 3 Mari Gerges, Kom Ghorab, Old Cairo.

 

Biographical museums

Umm Kulthum Museum

Umm Kulthum Museum

The most famous voice in Egypt is immortalized in this small museum in Cairo that evokes its visitors a sense of nostalgia. It has been uniquely designed to highlight its historical role in enriching Egyptian and Arab art. When you enter the museum, you will find her famous handkerchief and catch a glimpse of her black glasses and elegant dresses. The museum also includes many memorabilia from Umm Kulthum’s life, such as her clothes, musical instruments, medals, rare recordings, and speeches that she has written and received from important personalities such as politicians and public figures.

Address: Al-Malek Al-Saleh, Manial Al-Rawda, Giza

 

Muhammad Ali Palace Museum

Muhammad Ali Palace Museum

On the island of Rawda, there is Prince Muhammad Ali’s palace. Muhammed Ali recommended turning the palace into a museum, which is one of the most beautiful and important historical museums in Egypt and an architectural masterpiece that still maintains its marvelous architectural style. Muhammad Ali museum consists of an external wall surrounding the palace entrance and includes a reception palace within its walls. It has the clock tower, the mosque, the hunting museum, the throne palace, the private museum, the golden hall, in addition to the wonderful and unique garden surrounding the palace.

Address: Al-Saraya, Manial, Cairo.

 

  • Egypt has hundreds of museums that include millions of monuments dating back to ancient times, and there are specialized museums such as the Geological Museum, the Military Museum, Wax Museum in Helwan, and the Agricultural Museum. Other museums belong to historical figures who passed through Egypt, like Saad Zaghloul, Mustafa Kamel, and Gamal Abdel Nasser, as well as the royal and presidential palaces that later became museums.
  • Immerse yourself in the rich history of this unique country with a great heritage. Do not miss visiting and exploring Egypt’s magnificent museums full of historical treasures that will surely impress you.

 

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