Blog: Culture

Culture Ancient Egyptian Sports: Best sports in the Pharaonic civilization July 28, 2019

Many sports played today, were also played during the ancient Egyptian period. Many illustrations on tomb walls and monuments show that sports such as long jump, wrestling, swimming, archery, athletics, weightlifting, kayaking, fishing and some soccer games were common among ancient Egyptians. Also, many kings and princes of this era had a great interest in attending sports competitions that they funded with equipment. Rules such as choosing a neutral rule, uniforms for players and announcing winners by awarding different medals, are some aspects of ancient Egyptian sports that are very similar to today's sports. Here are some of the ancient Egyptian sports that were played by ancient Egyptians thousands of years ago.   Ancient Egypt sports The scenes on the walls of temples and pyramids clearly show that Egyptians knew how to maintain their physical fitness and health. The sport was an important part of everyday life and culture. Among the most common sports practised by ancient Egyptians are gymnastics, marathon, handball, javelin, boxing, high jump, archery, weightlifting, swimming, rhythmic gymnastics, and balance. What Were Their Favorites? One of the popular ancient Egyptian sports is the javelin sport, which was used for hunting sport for finding food. Archery was another sport of its kind that was a popular way of recreation in Egypt and a popular fishing method. The Archery was often practised by the royal family. Many water sports are popular in Egypt, mainly due to the location of many of the longest river banks on earth, the Nile. Rowing and swimming were among the most common water sports played by Egyptians during this period. Football is a very popular sport in modern Egypt, but the ancient Egyptians also enjoyed a variety of other sports such as tennis, squash and even golf, which were an integral part of the ancient Egyptian sports scene. What The Tomb Scenes Show Ancient Egypt sports Given the many paintings and drawings, it can be said that the ancient Egyptian sports also included a number of ball games. One famous version is the alternative of handball played today. The games were played with balls and bats that were made from palm trees. Ball games seem to have enjoyed both children and adults. It is believed that most of the ancient Egypt sports were active just to enjoy while some seemed to have evolved into a distinct sporting event. These sports were usually watched by royal families for fun and enjoyment. The long marathons were also part of the ancient Egyptian sports scene as illustrated by the texts. It seems that the marathon was an important part of the celebration of the coronation of the pharaohs and kings throughout ancient Egyptian history. Thus we can clearly see that sport in ancient Egypt was very important and formed an integral part of daily life, not only to maintain the fitness of people but also as a means of recreation and entertainment. Hockey Ancient Egyptians played a game similar to the current hockey game. The drawings on the tombs in Bani Hassan in Minia Governorate show the players holding bats made of long branches of palm trees, with a bent end similar to a hockey bat. Hockey was made of compressed papyrus and covered with two pieces of leather in a semicircle. The ball was painted two or more colours. Handball The drawings of this sport were found on the tombs of Saqqara, five thousand years ago. The ball was made of leather and stuffed with vegetable fibres or straw or made from papyrus plants to be light and more durable. It was rarely used for more than one game. The painting shows four girls playing handball. Each team is aiming at the other at the same time. Players can either be on their feet or on the backs of teammates during the exchange of balls. Fishing Fishing was one of the ancient Egyptian sports that has been practised by kings, princes and ordinary people. There are many drawings of fishing scenes such as a hobby on the tombs of Saqqara in the Old Kingdom as far as they are found in the effects of the modern kingdom. The Egyptian Museum in Cairo includes several types of fishing rods and hooks of different shapes, which indicates the progress of this sport in ancient Egypt. Equestrian Sports Equestrian has moved from the world of wars and war vehicles to the world of sport and hunting wildlife. Ancient Egyptians introduced horse racing among young people. They managed to stay on horseback without saddles in full control of the horse, as seen in a picture of an ancient Egyptian knight. Weightlifting Weightlifting was one of the well-known sports of ancient Egyptians. One way of lifting weights is to try lifting a heavy bag of sand with one hand (a clean lift and shiver) and keeping it in a semi-vertical position. The player had to stay in this position for a short time. This is one of the weightlifting rules applied so far. Rowing Kayaking was one of the most demanding sports that require physical strength by the ancient Egyptian. The paintings recorded the collective rowing in which the players relied on matching the rowing according to the directions of their captain who carried the rudder. The leader also controlled their movement by calling for a high standardization methodology to unify the moment when the paddle touched the surface of the water and helped propel the boat forward steadily and quickly - a method still adopted in kayaking at present. Learn more about civilizations: Dilmun Civilization: The ancient civilization of the Gulf Inca’s Civilization: Traditions, Aspects of life and Achievements of Ancient Incan People Mayan achievements: Inventions and History of Maya civilization

Culture Best Carnivals Around the World: Learn about countries’ cultures June 17, 2019

Some big parties take place in the streets during Shrovetide, a period before Lent. Carnivals that occur in different parts of the world bring revellers and crowds of fun to the streets to celebrate before the 40-day fast begins. Parades, street parties and other forms of entertainment are just some of the carnivals in the store. Fine costumes, masks and various contests also represent some of the distinctive features of a carnival. Almost everyone is familiar with the Rio de Janeiro carnival, but the other carnivals we highlighted below are full of life as those in Rio. Here a list of the best carnivals around the world, which are some memorable sites to embrace carnival spirit.   Basler Fasnacht, Switzerland   The Basel Carnival is on the list of the top 50 local festivals in Europe and is part of UNESCO's "Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". It is one of the best carnivals around the world. This carnival does not happen before the start of Lent, but it starts on Monday after Wednesday ashes in the early hours of the morning. Basler Fasnacht continues for 72 hours starting at 4 am on Monday and ending at 4 am on Thursday. Before the official opening, all lights in the city are switched off, and Carnival lanterns are played to accompany the music. "Endstreich" represents the end of the carnival. Carnival of Venice, Italy Venice’s carnival is known in Italy for complex masks worn by people. Perhaps the reason for the beautiful complex masks is that at the end of the carnival, the award is awarded to the most beautiful mask (la maschera piu bella). The carnival dates back to 1162 but was later banned since 1797 for almost two centuries. The modern carnival was revived in 1979 when the Italian government decided to revive the culture and history of Venice. About 3 million visitors travel to Venice to attend the Carnival each year before the start of Lent. Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands The Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife is also celebrated before Lent, the world's second most famous carnival, then in Rio de Janeiro. Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the largest Canary Islands. The capital's streets thrive on Friday before the carnival when the parade is held. Once the carnival officially opens, the celebrations will continue until Wednesday ashes. The burial of sardines (entierro de la sardine), a traditional ritual held on Wednesday ashes represents the end of the carnival. Carnival of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil If you want to be part of the largest outdoor party in the world, Rio de Janeiro is the place to go before Lent. The Rio de Janeiro Carnival is the largest carnival in the world in its roots in 1723. Also, it is one of the best carnivals around the world. More than two million people arrive at the streets of Rio during the Carnival every day. Floats, celebrants and decorations from various Samba schools are the most important in the carnival. Although the marches are held in Sambadrome, a venue with showrooms for viewers, many events are also organized on the street. Notting Hill Carnival, London, UK This celebration took place on the street in London since 1966. It was initially envisaged that the festival would be an event to promote cultural unity, but soon the celebration of the neighbourhood's children became a carnival procession. Unlike other carnivals normally held during Lent, this carnival is spread over two days in August. About one million people from around the world come to be part of the Notting Hill Carnival, led by the British Indian-Western community. Cologne Carnival, Germany The main events at the Cologne carnival take place two days before Wednesday's ashes on the so-called Rose Monday. However, the making of happy mornings on the streets begins on Thursday when the streets are formally declared open. This week-long festival is full of parties and rallies and attracts about one million spectators, especially in Rose Monday. Carnival season also called "Season 5" traditionally begins on November 11, the month 11 in 11 minutes after 11 years. However, the celebration in the streets just before Lent. Mardi Gras, New Orleans, USA Bourbon Street, in the attractive French Quarter, offers some of the most fun games in the famous Big Easy Carnival. Expect fashion contests that respect bold exploits in the leather clothing industry, while the celebrants’ exchange beads of beads for two nude skin eyes, it is not obligatory. You will not always need to cover the eyes of children: the review "krewes" tends to lead the colourful and family-friendly Uptown. Get a boost from the King's Cake, a narcotic candy soaked in cinnamon. If your slide contains a plastic baby, the next cookie will be on you. Goa carnival, India It is one of the best carnivals around the world. Even after the collapse of the Portuguese Empire, European flavours remain strong in their former positions. The Portuguese brought the Christians to Goa in 1510, and their culture continues in Carnival celebrations here. Under colonial rule, slave workers and their masters exchanged roles. Nowadays, the Goa carnival is a mix of feather-adorned costumes, fire bursts and acrobatics, with some Hindu Pantheon throwing away; the best marches in the Panaji state capital. Indian and Portuguese specialities are strongly characterized by street food stalls and culinary competitions; just follow the powerful feijoada scent, mixing with the breeze with the seafood curry atmosphere. You can also read: Dilmun Civilization: The ancient civilization of the Gulf Inca’s Civilization: Traditions, Aspects of life and Achievements of Ancient Incan People Mayan achievements: Inventions and History of Maya civilization Peculiar cultures: Weird tribes around the world Different cultures: Strange traditions around the world

Culture Eid in Bahrain: Fun to spend time with family and enjoy celebrations June 09, 2019

Eid in Bahrain has many celebrations, as well as each Islamic country. Although Eid is celebrated by Muslims across the globe, Bahraini people have their own traditions and celebration for the Eid. In Bahrain, you can see the warm families gathering while children play all around together. Enjoying many outdoor activities in the Kingdom. And also taste the famous desserts made for Eid celebrations. Eid is an exciting time to be in Bahrain, as centuries-old traditions meet modern festivities for three days. Here’s how locals celebrate the occasion. Here are some of the things you can do in Eid in Bahrain.   Praying at Al Fateh Grand Mosque Eid celebrations begin with prayer. Every family of men, women and children usually visit the nearest mosque for prayer. One of the most famous mosques in Bahrain is Al Fateh Mosque in Manama. Thousands of Bahrainis gather for Eid al-Fitr prayer. The Grand Mosque covers an area of 6,500 square metres and can accommodate 7,000 worshippers at once. Al Fateh Mosque is crowned with the largest glass fibre dome in the world. Its walls are beautifully decorated with the Kufic Font, making it a great place to stroll around the holiday. Helping poor people As one of the pillars of Islam, zakat is considered an important part of Ramadan. Many Muslims use this time to help others through charitable and voluntary work. Although this practice is common throughout the holy month, Bahrainis take advantage of Eid as an opportunity to do good, usually by donating to organized homes to ensure that those in need are able to participate in Eid celebrations. Family get-togethers over an Eid feast Traditionally, the Eid in Bahrain is celebrated by Bahraini families gathered at Al Bait Al Oud (family house) to celebrate Eid with their loved ones. Although at present a family may spread in many homes or even spread around the world, Bahrainis still meet with their families during holidays, often exchanging gifts or financial donations known as eidiya. After that, the holiday is celebrated with a festive meal: ghoozi, the rice dish is usually prepared with lamb, eggs, spices or machboos, another rice dish cooked with meat or fish. Traditional Sweets for Eid in Bahrain There is no festival all over the world complete without sweet treatments. The Bahrainis love their special dessert Halwa (sweet gelatinous candy covered with roasted cashews and almonds). khanfurush (sweet fried made from white flour, sugar, eggs, cardamom and saffron). Rehash (a sweet made from sesame paste) and more. Most of these desserts are served in Arab coffee shops. If you want to buy some for yourself and celebrate a different taste of Eid in Bahrain, the 150-year old Halwa Showaiter in Muharraq has a fantastic range of offerings. Wearing festive attire Most people buy new clothes to wear on Eid often dressed for each of the three holidays. It is a tradition of wearing ceremonial clothes, symbol of new beginnings and leaving old self. Today, local residents wear modern clothes and traditional clothing, with many Bahraini men wearing a thawb (long tunic), tawitha, and a headdress such as a keffiyeh, gatra or oghal. Women usually wear an abaya (long loose black dress) To cover their heads. Women also adorn their hands and feet with a henna tattoo as part of Eid traditions. Outings and entertainment in Eid in Bahrain Eid in Bahrain has many things to do. Today, many will celebrate the Eid outside the family home, and go out together for a movie or some indoor games in the corridors of a shopping mall. There are many malls in Bahrain that can be explored. If the weather is not very hot, people will head to one of the many parks, usually around sunset. As for some fun adventures to spend good times in the Eid, you can do some water activities on the blue water of Bahrain. It is also possible to experience horse riding in Bahrain, which is fun for the entire family. For more things to do in Bahrain: Travel packages in Bahrain.

Culture Historical places in Bahrain: Historical Tour in Bahrain May 23, 2019

The Kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago located in the Arabian Gulf. Although one of the smallest Arab countries in terms of area, It is a tourist destination for many visitors who go to enjoy its beautiful nature and to learn about the historical places in Bahrain. Historical places in Bahrain Historical places in Bahrain offer some wonderful images with their magnificent architecture, let's explore the highlights of Bahrain:   - Bab Al Bahrain It is one of the tourist attractions that attract many tourists and visitors to the Kingdom. It is an ancient archaeological gate that was restored in 1945 to bear all the details of the Islamic character rich in inscriptions and Qur'anic verses in the magnificent Arabic calligraphy. It is one of the most beautiful markets in Bahrain having a large number of stalls lined up to sell vegetables, fruits, clothes and handicrafts, and the best gold and pearls jewelry. Bab Al Bahrain is located at the entrance to the Central Business District. The main entrance to the Manama market is the Bahrain market. The location is very suitable for taking souvenir photos next to this important archaeological site. There are many activities at Bab Al Bahrain, Such as the Popular Products Show, which showcases many handmade products such as clothes, baskets, household items, and popular candy brands. - Qal’at Al-Bahrain One of the most important historical places in Bahrain, Qal’at Al-Bahrain is located near Manama and is intended to tourists as important Historical and Architectural monuments, especially listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The castle contains many historical monuments that tell about the history of Bahrain in different times, as well as excavations proving the existence of human in this area since the beginning of creation, and visitors can take pictures of the memorial next to it. - Al Khamis Mosque The mosque is named in relation to the area where it was built, It is one of the oldest historical Islamic mosques in Bahrain. The mosque was built in Islamic style. It contains two minarets standing at the corners of the front corners and has limestone slabs and the material used in the construction are wood and stone. Al-Khamis Mosque in its early times was of paramount importance as a place for religious rites and ceremonies, it was equipped with a school for teaching religion and accommodation for students. Due to its historical location, the mosque has been restored several times in order to preserve it as a significant impact of tourism in Bahrain. - Bahrain National Museum Opened in 1988 to be the first National Museum in the country with a history of more than 5 thousand years, the museum is a masterpiece of architecture and a wonderful collection of artifacts and heritage, manuscripts, books, and paintings. - Jebel Al Dukhan It is the highest hill elevated in Bahrain at 143 meters above sea level. The southern part of the mountain is the best place for camping. The mountain is named because of the fog that hangs over it most of the year, and there are a number of caves. - Al Areen Wildlife Park 40 minutes away from Manama Center is Al-Areen wildlife park is one of the best tourist activities in Bahrain. It was established in 1976 in Sakhir and it is the favorite place for Bahraini families to enjoy nature and there are many restaurants and hotels around the reserve. This park is annually attracted by a great number of visitors. - Al Fateh Grand Mosque Al Fateh Mosque is one of the largest mosques in Bahrain. This mosque was built in 1988. It was built of marble, glass, and teak. The most attractive thing is the dome of the mosque which is made of fiberglass and gives a wonderful view at night. The mosque was built to accommodate 7,000 worshipers and is now a large Islamic center with a library of more than 7,000 books, some of them dating back more than 100 years in various subjects such as Fiqh and Hadith, and many religious books and the numbers of Al-Azhar and Arabic Islamic. - Tree of Life The Tree of Life is more than 400 years old and is considered one of the most important tourist destinations in Bahrain. Located in the midst of the desert without any source of water. This tree is one of the wonders that visitors come from all over the world to see the miracle tree, where the number of tourists annually visits 50,000 tourists. - Bahrain World Trade Center It is one of the most beautiful commercial centers in the Gulf, with a height of 787 feet above ground. Located in the capital, Manama, It is a twin tower trade center connected with each other by a bridge. There are also three wind turbines to provide electricity for more than 300 houses. It also has the largest malls in Bahrain and many restaurants, cafés and entertainment places. The Bahrain World Trade Center won two prestigious awards for the best architectural design.

Culture Bahrain Mosques: The splendor of Islamic design and decoration May 21, 2019

For more than a thousand years, mosques have been places of worship for Muslims around the world. To this day, the beauty and rich history of these holy sites continue to inspire visitors. There are many beautiful Bahrain mosques. They are a testimony to the rich Islamic culture of the city. Architecture in some of these mosques will leave you spellbound. Let’s take a look at some of the most stunning Bahrain mosques that will take your breath away. You should visit these beautiful mosques during your visit to Bahrain.   Al Fateh Grand Mosque The Grand Mosque of Fateh is the largest place of worship and among the largest mosques in the world. The Grand Mosque of Fateh is also known as Al Fateh Islamic Centre and Al Fateh Mosque. The mosque is located next to the King Faisal Highway in Juffair, Manama. Al Fateh Grand Mosque was built under the patronage of the late Sheikh Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa in 1987 and was named Ahmed Al Fateh. The mosque covers 6,500 square meters and has the capacity to accommodate more than 7,000 worshippers at one time. The walls of the mosque are beautifully decorated with Kufic script. Also, it is crowned with the largest fibreglass dome in the world. Al Khamis Mosque Al-Khamis Mosque was built around 692 AD, one of the oldest Bahrain mosques and also in the Arab world. The identical double minarets in this ancient Islamic monument make it easy to identify and can be easily observed while driving along Sheikh Salman Road in Khamis. It dates back to the eleventh century and was rebuilt in the 14th and 15th centuries. During this reconstruction, the twin minarets were added. The Khamis Mosque was recently partially renovated. Siyadi Mosque Part of the Siyadi House complex, which belonged to a former 19th-century pearl merchant, is the oldest Siyadi mosque preserved in Muharraq and still used for daily prayer. Bait Al-Quran The House of Quran is located in a building that is beautifully engraved in Arabic script. Bait Al-Quran is one of the most beautiful Bahrain mosques. It displays an impressive collection of Quranic manuscripts as well as a library of more than 50,000 books written in Arabic, English and French, most of which focus on Islam. Manuscripts dating back to the seventh century as well as the Quran written on rice, peas, and grains are among the exquisite collections. He claims to be the only institute in the world devoted to the Quran. The building also houses a mosque, a showroom, a religious school and a museum and hosts a variety of art galleries. This delightful little mosque has been incorporated into Beit Al Quran compound and is open even in the absence of the museum. Often overlooked, contains one of the most unusual features you may see in a Bahraini mosque, a beautiful dome of stained-glass. Located above a mihrab (pointing to the direction of Mecca) decorated with blue tiles that evoke Islamic Persia. The tiles in the yard have a similar effect, just take you to Muslim Spain. Yateem Mosque Built-in 1992 by Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, this mosque can be easily identified by its unique minaret. But the real jewel is inside: framed by beautiful Kufic line, four columns carrying twin arches of an impressive mosque mihrab, which are sculpted elaborately in different geometrical patterns repeated, creating a stunning effect. It is considered as one of the best Bahrain Mosques. You can visit the mosque with respect outside prayer times. The mosque doesn’t hold Friday prayer. Sheikh Hussain Mosque There are many mosques in Bahrain, but this small mosque is one of the amazing Bahrain mosques. It is perfectly shaped with an extraordinary design, offers a modern look at the architecture of the ninth-century minaret tower in Samarra, Iraq, a city of great spiritual significance. The door of the beautifully carved wooden mosque is noteworthy. To know more about Bahrain: Pearl Diving: Experience Diving and Have a Precious Pearl Holidays in Bahrain: things to do on your next holiday Best Malls in Bahrain: Shopping in the Pearl of the Gulf

Culture Dilmun Civilization: The ancient civilization of the Gulf April 04, 2019

Described as the place ‘where the sun rises’ and ‘the land of the living’, The Dilmun civilization was an ancient civilization situated in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It was one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The capital of the Dilmun was located in the Gulf archipelago which is now the Kingdom of Bahrain; the Dilmun civilization was able to develop as a trade center due to its strategic location. It controlled the trading routes in the Arabian Gulf at the highest of its power. Despite its long history and its importance, very little is known about the Dilmun civilization, it is considered one of the greatest mysteries in history. Let’s take a look at this fascinating ancient civilization, and learn how people lived across the Gulf region in the old days. The Mythical Dilmun Dilmun is unique amidst other ancient civilizations in that it has two different stories, one story being that the civilization is entirely mythical, this story stems from the Sumerian mythology which mentions Dilmun as the mythical land of the gods. Dilmun was known as the bright and pure land in this mythological story. It was a paradise where sad and painful things like sickness and death did not exist at all. Its land was filled with divine water sources, these waters transformed it into a magical garden for the gods, where the mother goddess Ninhursag tended sacred plants. Due to its unbelievable beauty, many gods lived in Dilmun. Some say though that this story is actually about the garden of Eden, and that it does not refer to Dilmun at all, while others believe the Sumerians were fascinated with Dilmun because it had an abundance of natural springs transforming it into a lush green land amid the desert. The history of the real Dilmun From the fourth millennium to 800 BC, Dilmun was a significant trading center controlling the trading routes in the Gulf. The country was at its most prosperous during the first 300 years of the second millennium. Between 1000 BC and 800 BC though, Dilmun started losing its commercial power due to the piracy which flourished in the Gulf around that time. The ancient site of Qal’at al-Bahrain in the northwestern part of the island is considered to be the main harbor and the capital of Dilmun. This site features seven successive levels of settlement, and the oldest of them dates back to around 2300 BC. It also features a unique sea tower, which probably functioned as a lighthouse. This unique example of ancient maritime architecture is the only one of its kind in the region, together with the adjacent sea channel this clearly demonstrates the significance of this city in trade routes. Ancient trades Dilmun is mentioned in many other civilizations as a trade partner, or as the place where fine goods come from. Numerous sources can give us some idea of what was traded in those days. Some of the goods sent to Mesopotamia are precious woods, ivory, gold, and pearls from the Arabian Gulf, these goods were sent in exchange for silver, tin, textiles, olive oil and grains. In addition to that, the merchants of Dilmun had a monopoly on the copper trade, copper was brought from the mines of Oman and shipped to Mesopotamian cities. Historians can tell which civilizations had a trading history by looking at the types of the weights and measures used, if they have at some point used the same measures then they had a trading history. Dilmun had a long trading history with Mesopotamia and The Indus Valley. The Dilmun civilization More than just an important trade center, Dilmun comprised great agriculture due to the abundance of artesian waters in the area. In an ancient Sumerian text, Dilmun was described as a blessed, prosperous land dotted with great dwellings. The text also said that all the countries known to Sumerians brought their goods to Dilmun. We know that the Dilmuns believed in the after-life by their respect for the dead, they buried the dead with possessions such as tools, weapons, food, drinking vessels, and gold. This bears resemblance with the way the Pharaohs buried their dead, which tells us that the Dilmuns too believed that the dead will rise one day. The burial mounds of Saar The old settlement in Saar includes two main areas, a residential area and a cemetery where the inhabitants buried their dead. The city was established around a natural spring and had a complicated well, which proves that the existence of fresh water was one of the main reasons a great civilization had been established in the area. Showing all the components of a modern city, the site of the residential area features houses, restaurants, commercial outlets and a place of worship. People are mostly fascinated though with the ancient cemetery adjacent to the city. The complicated design and the sophistication with which it was built is very interesting. To learn more about ancient civilizations see also: Inca’s Civilization: Traditions, Aspects of life and Achievements of Ancient Incan People Mayan achievements: Inventions and History of Maya civilization

Experience Inca’s Civilization: Traditions, Aspects of life and Achievements of Ancient Incan People December 23, 2018

Inca’s civilization is an ancient empire, built by the ancient Incan people in South America, and was one of the greatest empires in the pre-Columbian era. Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, part of Chile and Argentina were included in this land. Their capital, Cusco or the holy city of the sun, was known by its temples and high ceilings, which reached an altitude of 11,000 feet above sea level in the Andes. Inca word means the owner or sole son of the sun. The official language of the ancient Incan people was known as Rona Simi, which was never written, but was orally inherited. The Incas lasted about 100 years, and after prosperity the empire was divided into two parts. Spain people seized the opportunity and invaded and destroyed the Empire.   The political and economic life of the Inca people The government of the ancient Incan people put their hands on the ground to ensure the people's livelihood and resources of gold, silver and other minerals, as well as cattle, especially the Lama, which is one of the most important means of transportation in the Inca. The Incas also excelled in agriculture, where they had experience in producing crops and cutting canals to bring water from the mountainous areas of the fields. And they built bridges made of willows, which were bound with ropes and branches of vine. In addition, the Incan people mastered the cotton weave so skillfully that it looked like silk. The people of the Inca have built a state of social justice, through the enactment of laws. Each family has a certain amount of land crop. They wore their clothes and made their own shoes, as they used to imitate gold and silver as well. The elderly, the sick and the poor were being cared for by society. The political life of the ancient Incan people was that the family is the main measure in the government divisions, as each of the ten families commander responsible to them in front of the captain, who oversees the fifty families, and also participates in the government. Inca has adopted a strict law that punishes every thief, liar or lazy person.   Social life of Ancient Incan People The Incas built a social pyramid, the top of the pyramid representing the ruler, then the nobility came, then the general people, followed by domestic servants and slaves. The king should marry his sister to preserve the royal blood. And they are the goddess came from the sun god, and the queen was known as Koya. Only the king has the right to grant the nobility the right of an additional wife, and this habit is still present among the rich forests of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia and some Latin American countries. Marriage at the Incas was built on numerical reproduction because of the need for many hands to help in work. It is customary for the Inca to marry at an early age between 15 and 20 years. The husband has no choice but to be chosen by the family, leaders or landowners. The groom's family offers gold or precious stones as gifts to the bride's family, while the bride's family offers the woolen clothing and the stored grain. Ancient Incan people appreciated women, as they have played a fundamental role in the Incas, and depended on them in all aspects of life with men from agriculture, cattle herding and raising children, but the absolute sovereignty of men remained.   Religious life The Inca was encouraged by the Inca leadership to worship "Enti", the sun god, and imposed its sovereignty over the other communities.   Achievements of the Inca civilization Inca was known for building huge stone pyramids that were characterized by high accuracy and engineering perfection, bringing huge stones from the mountains to the forests. The technique was based on the world in the Inca Empire, which was known as the carved stone. The blocks of stones were cut very precisely to match the provisions without any vacuum.  Inca’s civilization was built in the city of Machu Picchu or the mountain town, which was one of the best cities of civilization. This city was distinguished from the other cities established by the Incas, and it became one of the most unusual places in the world, built on a high mountain slope. Myths about the Inca have spread about how to transfer and carve the rocks with such precision. The legends said they got help from other planets, because they were known for precise geometry. They came from sculptors who were not much known in ancient civilizations because the Incas did not have the opportunity to take from other civilizations In their area. Ancient Incan people built sun temples and hanging bridges between high mountain passes and mountain streams, using ropes woven with metal on huge wooden scaffolding. This system prevailed along the road network of the empire. It is noteworthy that these methods supported the mail system known by the Incan people, where young people used lama animals to transport oral messages or banknotes or property taxes, 250 miles between the winding mountain roads.   Customs and traditions of the Inca The nobility of the ancient Incan people, used to wear heavy ornaments in their ears, and therefore called them people with large ears. The king was afraid of the magic of ordinary people to hit him, so for those who want to talk with the king, to enter carrying a heavy weight on their back, and enter crawling, and do not lift their eyes from the ground while talking with the King, and the King surrounded by his wives to clear the drool during the talk to prevent him from hitting by magic. Also, the king carried on Hodge of pure gold, dressed in the finest wool. His feet were not touching the ground, but he was carrying a golden tiara with three falcons wearing a golden sun-shaped mask, a golden rope hanging from it, an ostrich feather hat, two golden rings, a leather cover and a woolen wool, Grape and turquoise. You can read also: Mayan Achievements

Experience A Tour around the world: The best mosques in the world December 06, 2018

Mosques are the homes of Allah that Muslims are worshiped for, and the architects are highly skilled in building and designing mosques. They are famous for their designs and architecture. Each mosque has its own distinctive character. Mosques are characterized by their unique designs. It has become a place not only for worship and science, but also for archaeological sites and tourist attractions, which are visited by Muslim and non-Muslim tourists alike. To know more about the best mosques in the world, here is a list of the most famous and most beautiful mosques.   The Great Mosque of Mecca is one of the best mosques in the world The Great Mosque of Mecca is the largest in the world, and it is considered one of the holiest places in Islam, where the Kaaba is located. The Great Mosque of Mecca is located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, with an area of about 400,800 meters. It has an area of about 4 million people.   Crystal Mosque The Crystal Mosque is one of the most beautiful mosques in the world and one of the most beautiful mosques in Malaysia, it is made of pure crystal. The mosque was built in 2006 by order of Sultan Mizan Zine El Abidine, which took about two years. It can accommodate more than 15,000 people. The Crystal Mosque is located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, overlooking Kuala Lumpur's Putrajaya Industrial Park. It is one of the most important tourist attractions that attracts many tourists in Malaysia.   Blue Mosque in Malaysia The Blue Mosque or Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque is one of the most famous mosques in Malaysia. It is characterized by its Islamic architecture and attracts many visitors because of its unique and magnificent construction. The Blue Mosque is the second largest mosque in Southeast Asia, with more than 24,000 worshipers. Also, it is the second highest mosque in the world after the dome of the Eda Bali Mosque in Turkey. The mosque is called the Blue Mosque because of its blue and silver dome made of aluminum, which is about 51.2 meters in diameter and 106.7 meters above ground level. The minarets of the mosque are also one of the longest minarets in the world, with a length of about 143 meters. The mosque features Malaysian-style architectural touches designed with a blend of Islamic architecture and contemporary Malaysian art. It is therefore one of the best mosques in the world. The splendor of its unique design, especially within the roof triangles with high Quranic verses, is also evident in doors and entrances. It is noteworthy that the Blue Mosque contains 4 beacons in each corner of the mosque, which is the largest group of beacons in the world. It is therefore one of the most beautiful mosques in the world and one of the most magnificent buildings in Malaysia and the Islamic world.   Mosque of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin The Mosque of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin is classified as the first architectural mosque in the Asia-Pacific region. The mosque is located in Bandar Sri Bakawan, the capital of Brunei. It was named after Omar Ali Safi al-Din Sultan of Brunei, whose mosque was built in 1958. Mosque of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin is considered one of the most important landmarks of Brunei. It is also an important Islamic symbol there. And considered one of the most popular tourist destinations. The architecture of this mosque blends Islamic and Italian architecture, as it was designed by an Italian architect. The mosque was built on an industrial lake near the banks of the Brunei River and surrounded by water from each side. The mosque is decorated with pure gold, and its minaret is designed uniquely that blends the Italian Renaissance and architecture with a lift to its end so visitors can enjoy a panoramic view of the city from above. Where the mosque rises 52 meters above sea level, and can be seen from the father of a spot in the city. The interior of the mosque is decorated with colorful glass windows, marble arches, marble columns and crystal chandeliers, making it one of the best mosques in the world. The mosque has a charming garden with a water fountain and surrounded by a green garden with flowering plants. It is located about 3 km from the city center.   Sheikh Zayed Mosque Sheikh Zayed Mosque is one of the best mosques in the world, as it is a distinctive tourist landmark and a masterpiece of Islamic architecture. The mosque is located in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in the UAE, and is located in a distinctive and strategic area between the two most important bridges in Abu Dhabi, namely the Mussafah Bridge and the Madras Bridge. The Sheikh Zayed Mosque, is the fifth largest mosque in the world, it accommodates more than 40 thousand worshipers, so it is known as the Grand Mosque. The mosque contains 4 minarets with a length of 107 meters each, in addition to 80 domes. These domes are decorated with white marble, its beauty and meticulous design, making the mosque an architectural marvel around the world. The walls and columns of the mosque are adorned with delicate designs inlaid with precious stones. It also used in the interior decoration of the mosque, Italian marble, white gypsum and Islamic decorative sculptures, as well as the use of colored marble and mosaic inscriptions on the pavement of the mosque's square, which is about 17 thousand square meters, while the mosque area is more than 22 thousand square meters. The Sheikh Zayed Mosque contains the largest carpet in the world, made specifically in Iran, with an area of 5,627 meters and weighs about 47 tons. The mosque also has the world's largest crystal and gold-plated chandelier. It was manufactured in Germany of the famous Swarovski type. It has a diameter of 10 meters and a length of 15 meters, as well as six other similar chandeliers inside the mosque.

Experience Mayan achievements: Inventions and History of Maya civilization December 06, 2018

Mayan achievements have proven by the civilization they left behind, which witnessed their greatness. The Mayan achievements were great and creative. The Mayan people invent many things in different fields. And had their own secrets for making their civilization in ancient world. The Mayan civilization extended to most parts of Central America, reaching its height and prosperity in the classical period. This civilization lasted for almost 3,000 years and consisted of several small states, each with its own ruler. Mayan civilization dominated the ancient world. The Mayan people were able to engrave on caves, stones and rocks, which had a great role in their culture. This culture was spread to many other countries and civilizations. It is noteworthy that it has found a group of densely populated villages throughout the areas inhabited by the Mayan civilization. There are still some Mayans concentrated in Mexico. Mayan people and their customs and traditions The Mayan people appeared thousands of years ago and had a role in spreading many of their customs and traditions. And they are considered among the most important peoples and tribes, because of their many roles and different cultures and diverse. They consist of many communities, including farmers, merchants, pastors, nobles and slaves. The Mayan people were known for their strange customs and traditions. For example, they took off all their teeth, except for the upper class and the nobles only had the right to keep their teeth. The Mayan men distinguished themselves by having a beak-shaped nose, so they invented some special wares that made the nose like this, among them was the one who put out precious stones. Mayan Achievements The Mayan civilization was like any other civilization, and it flourished in many areas and was distinguished by it. And the Mayan achievements appeared in various fields. Astronomy and Calendar: The Mayan people created a calendar system called the calendar (Rosnamya), a system of long counting through different units ranging from day to millions of years. The calendar (Rosnamya) consists of eighteen months, with each month consisting of only 20 days, except for one month of only five days and known as the Mayan month. The calendar was introduced in 3114 BC. In the field of astronomy, the Maya people knew the dates and the days accurately, and they knew the movements of the stars, as well as the phenomena of eclipse. Agriculture: One of the most popular crops that the Mayan people cultivated was maize, as it was considered the main ingredient in their dishes. The Mayan people are the first people to plant and consume cocoa. They also planted flannel and beans, and cared about bee-keeping, where honey was one of the most important drinks, and was considered one of their spirits drinks. Architecture: The Mayan people distinguished the construction of large temples and pyramids, and the Mayan civilization remained on some archaeological sites like: Copan in Honduras, Tikal in Guatemala and Tazumal in El Salvador. While the temples of the Kokolkan temple remain; it is famous for having ninety-one degrees on each side up to the top of the pyramid, to be the total base of this pyramid with the four degrees 365 degrees, a number that corresponds exactly to the number of days a year. In addition to the city of Palenque in Mexico, which is one of the most important innovations of the Maya people in architecture, and is one of the largest archaeological sites of this great civilization. Literature and language: The Mayan people speak many languages, about 36 languages. They also have many mythological writings; these writings formed an essential part of their culture. Among these writings is the sacred Mayan book (Popul Fuh). Mathematics: one of the most important Mayan achievements is that the Maya civilization knew the zero number, unlike other civilizations, and they were familiar with some various calculations such as multiplication, division, and plural. Weapons: The Mayan people were distinguished by their knowledge of many things and the arts. They were able to invent strange things, since they were able to manufacture weapons from black glass and rocks, and never used iron. Rituals and religion at the Maya The religious and political authority of the Mayan civilization dominated the affairs of society. The Maya people also had different religious rituals. They had many special events, such as the Mass, as well as some emergency celebrations such as famines, epidemics and drought. They used the stone pyramids as their temples, and the temple was decorated with inscriptions or painted with elaborate designs. The devotees provided corn, fruit, hunting birds and sometimes blood and offer them as offerings and gifts to the gods. One of the most important religious rites and offerings to the gods is the painting of some slaves, ordinary people and prisoners, and offering them to sacrifice themselves. They were thrown with arrows, and then they throw themselves from above the pyramids, and after the fall they take off their hearts and offer them as priests. Collapse of the Mayan civilization The Mayan civilization did not collapse in the known form of the collapse of civilizations, but it was destroyed by several factors, including wars. The Mayan people lost their civilization and everything, and there is no clear reason for this, but when Spain attacked them, they lost everything, and they simply disappeared. Famine and climate change have had the strongest impact, as climate change from wet to dry. And during the period when the Mayan civilization flourished, it was full of agricultural expansion and population growth due to the good and humid climate. This climate continued for long periods. After climate change and its transition into a dry climate, the Mayan people fled away from the dry climate. The Mayan civilization collapsed.

Culture Peculiar cultures: Weird tribes around the world January 29, 2019

In spite of the new world we live in today, some weird tribes around the globe still embrace and practice their peculiar cultures. A lot of these tribes live a secluded life, they have no interest in the rest of the world, and that is probably how they manage to keep their centuries old traditions from extension. Nonetheless, the rest of the world find such weird tribes so fascinating that it cannot leave them alone, and that is how we have learned about them. So let’s take a look at some of the weird tribes that still practice their tribal lifestyle in the 21st century. The Sentinelese One of the few remaining uncontacted people in the world, The Sentinelese resist any form of contact with the outside world. They can mentain their privacy as they have a whole island to themselves. They live in North Sentinel Island in the Andaman Islands of India. All trials to establish contact with the locals ended up with them attacking the approaching vessels with arrows and spears. The Indian government considers the Sentinelese a sovereign people, with the right to attack or even kill trespassers. The Yali People If you are interested in weird tribes, how about cannibal tribes? A major tribal group in Papua, Indonesia who live to the east of the Baliem Valley in the Papuan highlands, the word Yali does not refer to the tribe or its cultural identity; it just means the people from the east. A significant element that helped the Yali maintain their tribal lifestyle is that their lands are largely isolated by challenging geography. Their villages are only accessible by walking through rough terrains for several hours. They had no contact whatsoever with the outside world till the 1960s and is still living in a somewhat of a sovereign region under the control of Indonesia. Most people who have heard of Yali only heard that they are cannibals. However cannibalism was practiced as a way to scare other tribes. Yali are mostly vegetarians, they only eat pigs in celebration. But still in the old days they would attack their enemy tribes and take away prisoners. The prisoners would then be chopped and eaten in festivities. The bones of those prisoners would later be grinded and mixed with dust and thrown into the valley of the enemy tribe to terrify them. The Surma People The Surma people live in Upper Omo Valley in Ethiopia. The Surma tribes comprises of the Suri tribe and the Mursi tribe. Looking at the way they choose to modify their bodies, they certainly qualify as weird tribes. The Suri are very proud of their culture and traditions. When a boy comes of age, or when a man wants to take a bride they have to prove themselves by performing a martial art called saginé. It is basically stick fighting or ceremonial dueling. When a girl becomes of marrying age on the other hand, they often get her lower teeth knocked out with a rock. Then they cut the lower lip with a razor and stretch the lip with a wooden plate. They keep replacing the plate for a bigger one until they reach the desired shape. After a while the lip stretches so much they fit a clay plate around it. This is regarded as a form of beauty and status for Suri women, a girl’s dowry increases in tandem with the size of her lip. The Chukchi People The Chukchi people are an indigenous people inhabiting the Chukchi Peninsula and the shores of the Chukchi Sea within the Russian Federation. They live in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, where they largely maintain their traditional way of life. Same as most ethnic groups that managed to save their way of life, the land of the Chukchi generally repels outsiders. Located at the tip of Siberia, the climate in Chukotka is very harsh, with winter temperatures sometimes dropping as low as–54° C, and summers average around 10° C. The territory is mostly treeless arctic plains. The Chukchi people have been dubbed the ultimate survivors, because they have managed to survive the relentless efforts of the Soviet Union to extinguish them, with their culture intact. The Yao People Wayao or Yao people are an ethnic and linguistic group based at the southern end of Lake Malawi. This group of about 2 million spread over three countries, Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. The name "WaYao" means "hill people" or those who come from the hills. The Yao are matrilineal, and most of their village societies are built around sorority groups. They call these sororities Mbumba. As they do not believe much in western medicine, Yao villagers have a lot of knowledge of local medicinal herbs, and their designated healers travel far and wide to gather potent plants and ingredients to make their medicines. To learn more about weird unusual nations see also: Tribal lifestyle: the life of the Tuareg Inca’s Civilization: Traditions, Aspects of life and Achievements of Ancient Incan People Mayan achievements: Inventions and History of Maya civilization