Articles - April 2021

Culture Places You Must Visit: Top 5 Best Museums Around the World November 30, 2021

Whether you love fine arts of all kinds or you love history, this article suits you. We will discuss in it the best museums around the world that you should visit even once in life. Museums provide a unique experience to see international arts and work up close and preserve them for the next generation, as they are passed down from generation to generation. Here are the best museums around the world that have caught the attention of tourists, and everyone agrees with them that they educate and inspire those who visit them.   Despite the closure of most of these museums due to the outbreak of the Corona epidemic, the opportunity had been provided to check out some international museums online and to see the unique art and historical pieces that the world goes to. Here are the best museums around the world In this article, we will provide you with a different and diverse group of museums that have impressed tourists around the world, including art, historical, archaeological, and other museums. 1. Le Louvre, Paris, France The Louvre is considered one of the most important art museums in France but in the whole world. The museum is located in Paris, the capital of France, and is considered the largest art gallery in the world. It contains the famous original painting (Mona Lisa) by Leonardo da Vinci.   The museum was originally a fortress built by Philip Auguste in 1190 to avoid sudden attacks on the city during his absence during the Crusades. After that, the castle was transformed into a royal palace in the name of the Louvre Palace, which used to live in the kings, until it was turned into an art museum that includes the most beautiful paintings, sculptures, and rare art pieces, it was opened to the public in 1793. 2. State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia State Hermitage Museum of Art and Culture, the second-largest art museum in the world, is located in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It was founded in 1764 when Empress Catherine the Great acquired an impressive collection of paintings and antiques from the Berlin merchant Johann Ernst Gotzkowski. The museum celebrates its anniversary on December 7, Saint Catherine's Day. It has been open to the public since 1852.   The number of museum visitors decreased in 2020 due to the Corona pandemic, as only 968,604 visitors were visited, which means a decrease of 80% of the number of visitors compared to 2019. Despite this, it ranked eleventh in the list of the most visited art museums in the world in 2020.   The museum contains more than three million items, with coins representing a third of this figure. It has the largest and most valuable number of paintings in the world. 3. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA The Smithsonian Institution was founded on August 10, 1846, in the United States, to "increase and disseminate knowledge." The foundation is named after the founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. The institution includes nineteen museums, twenty-one libraries, nine research centers, and a zoo, with 154 million items. 4. Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Italy The Vatican Museums are unbelievable, with simple but impressive sculptures and paintings. Although the Vatican State is very small, it has an incredible collection of the artistic and cultural value of artworks, archaeological discoveries, and historical artifacts. The bulk of the treasures collected by the Roman Catholic Church throughout the ages are stored in the huge Vatican Museums Complex (Vatican Museum), which was founded by Pope Julius II at the beginning of the 16th century. We will show you a set of the names of those museums that must be visited one day. Vatican Museums Gregorian Etruscan Museum Vatican Library Bio Cristiano Museum The Vatican Pinacoteca Chiaramonte Museum History Museum (Vatican City) Collection of Modern Church Art Missionary Ethnological Museum 5. The Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt  The Egyptian Museum is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world, located in the heart of the capital in the Cairo governorate, it contains more than 180 thousand artifacts, the most important of which are the archaeological collections that were found in the tombs of the kings and the royal entourage of the middle family in Dahshur in 1894, and the museum now includes the greatest archaeological collection in The world reflects all stages of ancient Egyptian history. We will take an overview of the antiquities contained in the Egyptian Museum. There are many other things to do in Cairo   The most important holdings of the Egyptian Museum The Egyptian Museum includes many rare antiquities from different eras that tell us about the stories of our great-grandfathers, the ancient Egyptians in the ages that we did not attend, so we will take a look at these collections. prehistoric age The museum includes some tools of daily life requirements such as pottery, hunting tools, and decorative tools that the Egyptians discovered without learning to read and write in the primitive eras. Foundation era The museum contains the relics of the first and second dynasties, which are the Narmer bowl, the statue of Khasekhemwy, and many utensils and tools that were used during that period. The era of the Old Kingdom The museum includes a collection of artefacts from this period, such as statues of Zoser, Khafre, Menkaure, Sheikh Al-Balad, the dwarf Sinb, Biy I and his son Mary Ann Ra, and many coffins, individual statues, wall pictures, and the collection of Queen Hetepheres. The Middle State era This group includes many artefacts, the most important of which is the statue of King Mentuhib II and a group of statues of some kings of the 12th family, such as Senusret the First and Amenemhat the Third and others, and many statues of individuals, coffins, jewellery, and tools of daily life, and the pyramids of some of the pyramids of Fayoum. The era of the modern state This is the most famous group in the museum, led by the collection of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun, the statues of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis the Third, and Ramses II, in addition to the war wheels, papyri, ornaments, the Akhenaten collection, the Israel painting, the statues of Amenhotep III and his wife T, and the collection of amulets, writing and agricultural tools. Late eras The collection includes a variety of artefacts, including the treasures of Tanis made of gold, silver and precious stones, which were found in the tombs of some kings and queens of the two dynasties 21 and 22 in San Al-Hajar, in addition to some important statues such as the statue of Amun and Mantumhat, a statue of the goddess Taurit and the Kanop decision (Abu Qir) A painting in Ankhi and a collection of Nubian antiquities, some of which were transferred to the Nubian Museum in Aswan. Best Museums Around the World: The Great Royal Parade 2021, Egypt  The Egyptian Museum used to include a large number of mummified royal dead, the day came to promote these kings and queens and transport them in a larger museum, the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization, to be presented to tourists more professionally. 22 kings and queens from the rulers of ancient times, including Ramses II and Hatshepsut, were transported in a procession that all countries of the world spoke about. Holidays in Egypt: 7 amazing places to spend the best holiday

Adventure Holidays in Egypt: 7 amazing places to spend the best holiday November 11, 2021

Thinking about taking a short holiday or spending the weekend outside the hustle and bustle of Cairo? Holidays in Egypt are a perfect chance to unwind and explore numerous stunning travel attractions. You’ll find pristine shorelines, comfortable resorts, and opportunities to enjoy water sports. We've rounded up 7 beautiful places in Egypt to spend the most enjoyable holidays with your family and friends. 1- Ain El Sokhna Ain El Sokhna is a town located on the coast of the Red Sea of Egypt in the Suez Governorate around 120 Km east of Cairo. It is one of the nearest spots to escape and chill by the sea in your short holidays in Egypt. Ain El Sokhna is a perfect place to enjoy your holiday surfing, climbing mountains, swimming, practicing water sports in a fabulous environment of tranquility, or throwing a barbecue party for your family and friends. Ain El Sokhna has all the facilities to spend a vacation away from noise and pollution in major cities. The town was previously a small fishing village but now it is growing to be a destination for tourists looking for peaceful vibes. Things to do in Ain Sokhna 2- Ras Sudr Just over a two-hour drive from Cairo, and the nearest Sinai destination to mainland Egypt, Ras Sudr is the perfect beachside escape. As Ras Sudr is quickly becoming recognized as a worldwide hotspot for kitesurfing, it's the best destination you should immediately hit if you want to spend a good time kitesurfing. In this chilled seaside town, you'll be surrounded by a gentle breeze and a serene panorama. The town center lies just off the main highway, while to the south and north lay a handful of aging resorts interspersed with holiday villas. Ras Sudr also houses many water-sports centers and is known for the laid-back surfer-style attitude of its residents and visitors. Practicing yoga on the beach is a marvelous experience you shouldn't miss there. 3- Sharm El Sheikh Located 580 km from Cairo, Sharm El Sheikh is the most famous resort in Egypt and one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Sharm El Sheikh enjoys a healthy atmosphere suitable for both summer and winter holidays in Egypt. Perched on the southern coast of the Sinai Peninsula, Sharm is perhaps best known as a world-class dive spot. Its calm and crystal clear waters, along with its sandy beaches and warm weather, make it an ideal spot for all kinds of water sports. A must-visit destination there is Ras Mohamed Nature Reserve, a protected area with stunning beaches, mangroves, and coral reefs. Also, taking a trip into the desert to see the famous Mount Sinai and St. Catherine’s Monastery is highly recommended. Between the breathtaking desert landscape and the ancient history, this excursion will stay in your memory forever. In addition to all the underwater activities, Sharm provides numerous land-based activities, ranging from go-karts to quad biking to horseback riding and twinkling nightlife. 4- Marsa Alam Located on the coast of the red sea of Egypt, Marsa Alam is where to go when you truly want peace and a quiet holiday. And if you seek endless entertaining adventures, the aquatic activities across the town are very fun such as diving, snorkeling, fishing, surfing, and many more.  Additionally, Marsa Alam houses some incredible ancient attractions such as the Emerald Mines and the Temple of Seti I father of Ramses the Great. The water world in Marsa Alam is a true piece of heaven filled with absolute wonder and magic. Coral reefs and sea creatures such as crocodile fish, turtles, and octopuses offer the most tropical vacation anyone can desire. Marsa Alam is also close to Luxor and the temples at Karnak and Edfu, so you can combine your beach getaway with some historic sightseeing. 5- Gouna El Gouna is one of the most popular places to spend your holidays in Egypt. This seaside destination is located on the coast of the Red Sea, and it's truly loved by many. El Gouna is a perfect spot for a family holiday in Egypt, where you can do everything from swimming, snorkeling, kite-surfing, to dining and even clubbing.  In few years, El Gouna has become one of the Red Sea magical resorts designed by European and American architects to showcase the essence of traditional Egyptian architecture. The city is famous for specializing in Aquatic activities and water sports such as diving, snorkeling, kite & windsurfing, and many others. El Gouna also contains a number of magical beaches, more than 18 hotels, three huge marinas, and two massive golf courses. This amazing Red Sea resort town will most likely have you never wanting to leave. 6- Fayoum Located 100 km southwest of Cairo, the Fayoum Oasis is one of Egypt’s most diverse and scenic destinations. Whether you are searching for answers to the universe’s biggest mysteries or simply want to spend your days off lounging and indulging in Egyptian cuisine classics, Fayoum is the place for you. Fayoum is one of the oldest holiday destinations in Egypt and a perfect spot to enjoy a very relaxing retreat. The nature and landscape in Fayoum are fantastic, so make sure to discover around and visit the waterfalls of Wadi El Rayan, Tunis Village, Wadi Al Hitan (The UNESCO World Heritage Centre), and Lake Qarun. 7- Alexandria Since its establishment in 331 BCE, Alexandria has been a symbol of beauty as it was nicknamed by Egyptians "Mermaid of the Mediterranean". Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt and it was named after Alexander the Great who built it to be the capital of Egypt until 642 A.D. Located at 220 km distance from Cairo, Alexandria is a popular short-holiday destination in Egypt. Through a history of more than 2300 years, Alexandria has played an important role in promoting art, culture and science to the world. Its towering Pharos lighthouse, marking the ancient harbor's entrance, was one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and its Great Library was considered the archive of ancient knowledge. Enjoy your time with your friends in Gleem bay, take some fabulous photos on Stanley Bridge and take a look at the whole city from the top of Qaitbey Fort. Also Read: Camping in Egypt: 7 Spots to Enjoy the Most Pleasant Camping Experience

Nature Egypt Nature: Learn about Egyptian treasures other than antiquities and beaches December 06, 2021

Diversity in tourism is an opportunity for the country to prosper and progress. Therefore, we find in Egypt various types of tourism that represent a large part of Egypt's GDP. Egypt has always been known for its history, pyramids, pharaohs, temples, great monuments, and it is also known for its cultural and civilizational heritage that dates back thousands of years, but it contains what contributes and supports this heritage, which is Egypt nature. Types of Egypt Nature Reserves Nature reserves for practical research. Nature reserves as national natural parks. Reserves of ancient national antiquities. Natural reserves. Preserves of beautiful landscapes. Important natural resources reserves. Natural reserves for the important national heritage. Multipurpose nature reserves. The importance of nature reserves in Egypt The importance of nature reserves lies in the protection of many types of living organisms, whether they are plants or animals, whose existence has been affected due to several reasons, including changing climatic conditions on the earth’s surface, pollution, the use of many harmful chemicals by humans and their disposal from forests and logging. Egypt contains many natural reserves (more than 30 nature reserves) that protect natural resources and maintain ecological balance. The types of natural reserves in Egypt are many and different, through this article you will learn about the 10 most famous nature reserves in Egypt. Nature Reserves in Egypt In Egypt, there are different environments from the sea to the end to the desert. Egypt includes the Western and Eastern Sahara, the Sinai Peninsula, the Red Sea coast, and the Mediterranean coast. In addition to rare species of animals and plants; Next to coral reefs and colorful underwater fish. More than 20 years ago, the Egyptian government declared some areas as nature reserves; The most famous of them are: Ras Mohamed Nature Reserve It is a famous reserve located in the Sinai Peninsula between the Suez Gulf and the Aqaba Gulf and about 20 km from Sharm El-Sheikh. It was the first declared protected area in Egypt in 1983. This reserve is an important place as a tourist area and a diving site, as it is very important in protecting the biodiversity of marine life and terrestrial wildlife. It contains rare plants such as mangroves, dum palms, and acacia trees, as well as wonderful coral reefs, mollusks, and sea urchins. You can discover more than 1,500 marine animals there, that is why it is a famous diving and snorkeling site. Zaraniq Protectorate Zaraniq Protectorate is a wetland and one of the most amazing nature reserves in Egypt. It is located in the eastern end of Lake Bardawil, about 30 km west of El Arish and 300 km from Cairo. This region is distinguished by its importance and unique location that connects the continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It includes an impressive collection of more than 270 plants and animals, along with some rare species of migratory birds. Jabal Elba Reserve The Elba Mountain Reserve is classified as an important national park reserve. It is also considered one of the largest Egyptian natural reserves and one of the Red Sea reserves, as it is located in the Red Sea Governorate, specifically in Halayeb, 1300 km away from Cairo. The reserve contains many natural and cultural resources, including wildlife, rare plants, and pharaonic antiquities, in addition to water resources from wells and freshwater springs. It also has a large number of coral reefs, amazing marine creatures, and rare birds. Saint Catherine protectorate This reserve located on Mount Saint Catherine is a historical reserve with a unique cultural heritage represented by Saint Catherine Monastery with its architectural things and archaeological treasures. It is considered an important nature reserve as it is one of the most important places where there are more than 400 rare plants and many types of reptiles. Nabq Protected Area The reserve is located between Sharm el-Sheikh and Dahab in South Sinai. It has an area of ​​600 square kilometers, and it is 500 kilometers from Cairo. Nabq Protected is a multi-purpose reserve, as it is characterized by coral reefs, marine and terrestrial creatures, and mangrove forests of unique nature. There are also desert and mountain ecosystems, valleys, various animals, and migratory and resident birds. The tourist area attracts a lot of diving, safari, and bird watching enthusiasts. Al Ahrash Reserve El Ahrash Reserve is located in the northeast corner of Egypt and about 370 km from Cairo. It is characterized by sand dune areas that reach 60 meters in height above sea level. The reserve is famous for its trees and plants, which are covered in high densities such as camphor trees, making it a haven for those looking for tranquility and nature. Wadi El-Rayan Reserve It is a natural reserve in the Fayoum governorate, 150 kilometers from Cairo. Wadi El-Rayan Reserve covers an area of ​​1759 km and is distinguished by its desert environment, including sand dunes, large water bodies, marine excavations, plant life, and a variety of wildlife (more than 15 species of wildlife). Abu Galum Protected If you want to enjoy an amazing panoramic view that you will not see anywhere and are looking for a quiet haven away from the hustle and bustle of the city, then you should visit the Abu Gallum Reserve, which is characterized by a special geographical nature, as the mountains close to the beaches. The reserve is located on the Aqaba Gulf between Sharm El Sheikh and Taba and is 600 km from Cairo. With an area of ​​500 km, it contains a lot of coral reefs, marine, and terrestrial creatures, and colorful fish; In addition to more than 165 rare plant species, 44 of them are found only in this region. Qarun Protected Area If you love birds, then Lake Qarun Reserve is heaven for you. This place is designated as an important birding area, as the area is home to many different kinds of birds as well as flamingo birds. Lake Qarun Reserve - which is considered the oldest lake in the world - is located in the Fayoum Governorate, and the distance from Cairo is 90 km. White Desert National Park It is a nature reserve in the New Valley Governorate, located 500 km from Cairo. It is named desert white because the white color covers most of it. The White Desert is popular for its white chalk white rocks formed from erosion factors. Farafra Oasis and the White Desert are among the most popular tourist destinations in the region, and also a popular site for camping trips.   Read More Museums in Egypt: Discover a history full of treasures, culture and art Camping in Egypt: 7 Spots to Enjoy the Most Pleasant Camping Experience